THe system is fairly acceptable now. the signal fluctuation is about ±30 unit. compare with the absolute value of 600 to 1200. it is fair enough.

we have a Hall probe now, but the measured magnetic field is quite different from what we expected before. we expect it should be around 0.300xxx but the measured value, is 0.33xxx that is mean, something is missing in our understanding.

after finishing the optimization, the system is ready for further development.

  1. absolute polarization
  2. spin echo
  3. laser polarization dependency
  4. Fourier analysis
  5. T1 and T2 measurement
  6. cross polarization between H1 and C13
in order to do the absolute polarization measurement, we have to lower the noise level. or, we can increase the magnetic field and reduce it back when measuring it. this requires to measure the T1 relaxation time. another way is spin echo method. since it can avoid the influence of the coil relaxation signal, which cover up the very beginning signal.
For the Fourier analysis, we have to use an external reference frequency for NMR system. currently, we use the same frequency for the pulse and for the reference frequency. Since the pulse frequency must be matching with the Larmor frequency ( more or less), which is the signal frequency. in principle, our signal must be a simple decay curve when exactly matching was archived. in that case, the Fast Fourier Transform will give is same peak at the edge of the spectrum, which is hardly identified. however, if we use an external reference frequency, problem can be solved, and we are able to obtain some peak at the middle of the frequency spectrum. By this, we can understand more about the crystal and the internal field and processes.
and also, when we cross polarize H1 and C13, we can use Fourier analysis to understand the effect much better.