The mean free path is the average distance between 2 collisions. We simply copy the things in Bohr and Mottelson, Bertulani and Banielewicz, and John Lilley in here.
Since a nucleus has finite size, the mean free path can be view as transparency of nucleon scattering. Since the total cross section is smaller for higher energy, the mean free path is proportional to energy.
The wave number under a complex optical potential is
There are two solutions, one has imaginary ,
where is the nucleon mass, is the incident energy, is the velocity inside the nucleus, and is the mean free path,
Since the imaginary potential , from 150 MeV to 400 MeV. The calculated mean free path for proton is shown in here. (Take , proton mass , the is in fm.)
The blue line on the plot is exact calculation, the purple line is approximation .
This plot is taken from S.S.M. Wong, showing the radial shapes of the volume term (simialr to central term) of proton-nucleus optical potential.
in J. Killey, the is taken as,
which is the wave number without . The result only for weak .